Photo courtesy of Katy Wilkens
Cauliflowers from Katy’s garden.

You Are What You Eat: A different kind of flower—cauliflower!

By Katy Wilkens, MS, RD
Nutrition and fitness manager

I often bring flowers to work to share with my patients and co-workers, but this week I brought a different kind of flower—cauliflower! Prettier than any rose, and you can eat this flower.

When you think of cauliflower you may think of the usual creamy white vegetable, but this year I am growing a beautiful orange “cheddar” variety and a vivid dark purple variety too. I think serving your children raw “Husky flowers” of purple and gold might be one way to get them to eat their veggies!

Not surprising, the brightly colored cauliflowers have more nutrients than the white: more vitamin A in the orange and more antioxidants in the purple. There is a chartreuse green variety too. All cauliflowers benefit from a cooking technique that gets rid of bitter sulfuric acid compounds in the plant. Oven roasting or stir frying are great ways to tame cauliflower’s bitter side.

Oven-blasted cauliflower

Use whatever combination of spices you like for the seasoning. Just be sure they are salt-free to go easy on your heart and kidneys. My family loves the salt-free Cajun seasoning recipe below, or try a good salt-free Indian curry powder.

Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Cut up a head of cauliflower into 1-inch florets, toss in a bowl with seasoning and about 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Pour onto a flat baking sheet. Bake in oven 8-10 minutes. Stir, cook another 8-10 minutes. Test with fork to see when done. They should be lightly caramelized. When done, remove from oven, sprinkle with 2 tablespoons freshly grated parmesan cheese. Serve immediately. Serves 4.

Nutrition information (per serving, without seasonings):
Calories: 41, Carbohydrates: 8 grams, Protein: 4 grams, Sodium: 30 milligrams

Salt-free Cajun seasoning

1 teaspoon each:
oregano
thyme
cayenne pepper
black pepper
garlic powder
onion powder

Combine all ingredients together. Store in a spice jar for up to 6 months. Makes 6 teaspoons.

Nutritional information:
Calories: 5, Carbohydrates: 1 gram, Protein: 0 grams, Sodium: 0 milligrams

Pickled cauliflower

I have too much cauliflower growing this year to eat all at once so I pickled several heads to use later. The florets will look beautiful served on a winter salad. Or, serve this salt-free pickled cauliflower as an appetizer with other low-salt pickled veggies, low-salt crackers, hummus, and sliced tomatoes and cucumbers.

Vinegar will leech all the color out of purple cauliflower, so stick with pickling the white and orange varieties!

2 teaspoons coriander seeds
2 teaspoons mustard seed
2 teaspoons cumin seeds
4 cups vinegar
½ teaspoon red pepper flakes
8 cloves garlic, peeled
1/2 cup sliced fresh ginger
1 onion, sliced
1 cup sugar
3 cups water
One head cauliflower, cut into florets (about 6-8 cups)
1 red bell pepper, diced

Put seeds in large pan, toast about 2 minutes. Add vinegar and other seasonings, plus 3 cups water. Bring to boil.

For (quick) refrigerator pickles: Pack the veggies into a large glass bowl. Pour the hot vinegar mixture over veggies. Cool and refrigerate. Use within 2 weeks.

For canned pickles that will last a year: Pack veggies in pint jars that have been sterilized with hot water. Pour vinegar mixture over cauliflower, leaving a half-inch of headspace. Tighten sterilized lids with screw bands. Process in a hot water bath for 10 minutes. Refrigerate after opening. Serves about 12-14.

Nutritional information (per serving):
Calories: 87, Carbohydrates: 18 grams, Protein: 1 gram, Sodium: 11 milligrams

The information in this column is meant for people who want to keep their kidneys healthy and blood pressure down by following a low-sodium diet. In most cases, except for dialysis patients, a diet high in potassium is thought to help lower high blood pressure. These recipes are not intended for people on dialysis without the supervision of a registered dietitian.

[Katy G. Wilkens is a registered dietitian and department head at Northwest Kidney Centers. The 2014 recipient of National Kidney Foundation Council on Renal Nutrition’s Susan Knapp Excellence in Education Award, she has a Master of Science degree in nutritional sciences from the University of Washington. See more of her recipes at www.nwkidney.org.]

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